Amazon VPS instances, by default only have a single disk for the whole filesystem of the server. Unless you chose to add an additional disk when you provision the server, adding disk space to your VPS can be tricky. Here’s a run down on how to add more storage to your server on amazon by mounting a new drive.
In this tutorial, I’ve mounted the new drive to /var/lib/mysql since I need to increase the disk space used by the database. This tutorial is still applicable even if you want to increase a different folder. The process will be the same.